DEALING WITH WORKPLACE HAZARDOUS SPILLS
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. OSHA defines five levels of training in the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation.
Awareness for first responder.
The first responder is any person who enters the manufacturing facility even when they do not handle the chemicals. this level requires only four hours of training as the employees here are only taught the basics regarding handling chemicals. They are also taught how to recognize a hazmat emergency and who to contact.
Awareness for those in charge of operations
This level is for workers who have the job of keeping spills from spreading and to keep unauthorized personnel away from the spills. The amount of hours required for training this staff is mainly eight hours. Here the training is more advanced as they are taught about risk assessment as well as the terms used to refer hazardous materials. Also they learn personal protective equipment use, simple control and containment operations and how to implement basic decontamination procedures.
Third level training for technicians handling hazardous materials.
The staff in this level of training are the ones that enter the spill area and prevent the material from spilling. The amount of hours required to train this staff also increases in that it is 24 hours. Their training covers chemical and toxicological hazards and risk assessment techniques. Decontamination procedures, control techniques for spills as well as ways of identifying plug leaks are taught about at this level of training.
the fourth level of training specialist in hazardous
This level trains the experts on how to handle hazardous materials in the site and how to communicate it with the federal state or government. 24 hours of training ir required here where they are taught about the various types of hazardous materials in detail. This training delves further to discussing the various decontamination procedures and which is appropriate and for which situation as well as how to perform the procedures not forgetting the various personal protective equipment for various situation.
The commander training
This individuals are in charge of all the cleanups that happen after a spill and as a result the receive the highest level of training. This commanders are entitled to receive 24 hours of class training even though the hours may vary from institution to institution. They need to have intimate knowledge of state and local regulations and know how to implement the facilities emergency response plan. Incident commander is also required to be an expert in medical risks and decontamination.